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    The name Chaowang Bridge has been in existence since Song Dynasty. At present, the bridge is located in Chaowang Road and is across the Grand Canal. Chaowang, literally mean king of tide, referred to a man named Shi Gui, who was born in 3rd year of Changqing Period in Tang Dynasty (823). At that time, Qiantang River was turbulent and threatened safety of surrounding people. Shi Gui volunteered to keep building dike in hot summer and cold winter until he died in tide. Inspired by his spirit, the court bestowed the posthumous title “king to tide” to him and established a shrine in memory of him. It is said that Chaowang Bridge was also built in memory of Shi Gui. Legend goes that King of Tide ever showed its presence and saved someone fell into water in Song Dynasty. Thus, King of Tide enjoyed a high reputation among the people. According to old people who have been living since childhood, the old bridge was located in present Hedong Road, about 10m from Changban Lane. It was a single circular arch with over 20 steps on the both sides. During anti-Japanese War, the kiosk on Desheng Bridge was moved to Chaowang Bridge. Peasant would sit in the kiosk smoking with pipe at slack season.

    The present Chaowang Bridge was built in 1994, with length of 414.00m and width of 30.00. It is reinforced concrete three-span continuous box girder bridge.
    Chaowang Bridge was renovated 2005. The renovation work included decoration, reinforcement of bridge, landscape and greenbelt construction. Generally, the designer combined sculpture of god of tide king, the legend of tide king and history of Chaowang bridge and represented the historic story about king of tide striving to build dike to prevent water in difficulty. The pearl-white granite was used as the main stone material of the bridge railing. Though the granite was higher in price than ordinary bluestone, it resulted in good visual effects. The designer used the granite to represent the spirit of perseverance and tolerance, display profound and magnificent artistic style of Tang Dynasty.

    In details, the design focused on such design elements as pattern, railing, baluster, drooping belt and sculpture. It adopted pattern of wave to representing surging wave and spirit of struggling. Some almost have hollow engraving effects. The balusters and drooping belts use simple geometry modeling to represent powerful and majestic bearing and express human being’s willingness of command and control their own fate. The whole design aims to reflect the King of Tide’s power in rein surging tide. The bridgehead on the external prier forms overall visual stable point of railing. Upper part metal railings are light and transparent to highlight solemn of the heavy baluster.

    There is a group of bronze sculpture of King of Tide under the bridge.  The four sculptures are arranged near the piers of the bridge. Some are riding on the carp to protect people from destroying by the tide. Some are holding fish spears in hands with round glaring eyes to hold back the tide. When the big boats passing by, the wave beat the feet of Tide King, making the statue seems true to life. The water-friendly design under the bridge makes it more assessable to the space. The coin-form railing inscribed with character of “silkworm, silk, and brocade” look transparent, safe and intimate to Grand Canal.

    There is a group of sculpture on the bridgehead, i.e. sculpture of Rice Fragrance Park, which depicting the fragrance of the rice wafted over rice paddy along the canal in breeze at dusk of harvesting autumn. The sculpture is named after the rice and rich shoots planted at local in autumn. The depicted scene lasted until 1980s when urban transformation commenced. 

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